A contingency or buffer to keep one safe from a negative or unfortunate outcome.
Never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by stupidity.
A map is not reality; it represents a territory. In this context, a map is symbolic, a model of reality.
A fictitious investor whose illogical and conflicting reactions to the stock market represent the trappings of groupthink.
The ability to reason beyond the obvious to interrogate decisions, and their consequences.
An observation that almost everything in the world has an uneven distribution — 80% of effects come from 20% of causes.
If you only have a hammer, then everything looks like a nail. Folks mistakenly apply a familiar solution to every problem.
The necessity to adapt and change to survive against others taking similar action in an ever-changing climate.
The discipline of challenging all your assumptions about a problem to develop an original solution.
A point where several psychological tendencies converge and elicit the desired outcome.